Several perspectives models, approaches derived from data and theories attempt to explain the causes of abnormal behavior. Those who hold a medical perspective focus on biological and physiological factors as causes of abnormal behavior, which is treated as a disease, or mental illness, and is diagnosed through symptoms and cured through treatment. Hospitalization and drugs are often preferred methods of treatment rather than psychological investigation. Recent research linking biochemical disorders with some abnormal behaviors has provided some support for this approach.
Even for horses in tie-stalls, the forward and backward steps while eating hay, responding to environmental stimuli, and interacting socially with neighbors is very similar to the number of steps taken in the same period of time by a horse in a spacious box stall, in a paddock, or in a herd at pasture.
Horses are very social animals, and to the extent possible they interact socially with stable mates. This includes attention and response to the actions of neighbors.
It includes auditory, visual, olfactory, and tactile communication to the extent possible. It is usual for most horses in the barn to follow a similar daily pattern of behavior, as well as to perform particular behaviors simultaneously. That is, when one horse lies down to rest or gets up again to resume eating hay, typically neighbors will be doing the same.
This is sometimes simply the result of most horses responding simultaneously and independently to an environmental event which evokes the behavior.
It may also be the results of entrainment to the management routine. But in many cases it appears to include true social facilitation--one animal's behavior appears to elicit the same behavior in neighbors. This is very similar to what is seen in herds of horses at pasture.
Normal behavior of stabled horses also includes dominant or submissive behavior toward stable mates, even though they may never have direct physical contact.
Among horses turned out together, the social order that establishes at pasture typically remains in effect in the stable. In addition to a normal pattern of maintenance behavior, normal behavior of stabled horses includes appropriate responsiveness to environmental stimuli.
In other words, the stabled horse is normally interested and reactive to events such as feeding, lights on or off, movement of people or animals, and disturbances in the barn. They tend to acclimate to a wide range of routine noises and activities, but continue to be disturbed by novel or abrupt events.
The stabled horse also exhibits normal anticipatory behavior associated with feeding, cleaning of stalls, and such. So the behavior of the horses in a barn often reflect the degree of animal and human traffic interrupting their ongoing behavior.
Also, as with general behavior patterns, there is a broad range of responsiveness that is considered to be normal, reflecting the broad range of temperament and experience among individual horses.
Among horse owners and managers, like parents, there are probably two schools of thought concerning routine. One school holds that the happy individual is one with a rigid routine that is set and kept.
The other school holds that the happy individual is one that can deal with variety and flexibility in scheduling. Thoughtful behaviorists will tell you that the animal, child, or whatever organism can appear "happy" with either plan, but that the greatest risk of behavior problems is when the routine-bound organism experiences a breach of routine.
Most horses readily learn to trust reasonable flexibility in a schedule of care and feeding, and in most instances probably enjoy a better human-animal interaction as a result. Abnormal Behavior When behaviorists catalog all the odd, abnormal, or unusual behaviors ever observed in stabled domestic horses, the list seems very long.
But in reality the majority of abnormal behavior of stabled horses fit into a few distinct categories; the remainder are quite rare curiosities.
Behavior Indicating Physical Pain or Disease Unusual behavior or a change in behavior is often the first sign of physical pain or disease. The astute caretaker of horses and the veterinarian depend heavily on behavior in assessing equine health.
Change in appetite, prolonged or seemingly unprovoked anxious or agitated states, and non-physiologic postures or movements e. It is beyond the scope of this presentation to describe all of the behavioral signs of physical pain and disease.
Most good horsemen's veterinary guide books can orient the novice caretaker to the classic behavioral signs of physical discomfort and disease. The Most Common Problem Behavior:Once a person is designated abnormal, all of his other behaviors and characteristics are colored by that label.
Indeed, that label is so powerful that many of the pseudopatients' normal behaviors were overlooked entirely or profoundly misinterpreted. Abnormal event detection in crowded scenes is an important and challenging task in intelligent surveillance video systems.
Abnormal event detection refers to detecting and responding to the abnormal changes or behaviors of humans or objects in videos.
This behavior extends beyond the care of the mother to occur any time the cat is content or being stroked in the same manner by a human. While it would seem that mothering or nurturing behavior is instinctual, it appears that it is not.
Write the implications of labeling human behaviors Write the implications of labeling human behaviors Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. An new study shows that CDK1 directly interacts with Sox2 to keep cancer cells 'stemmy.' CDK1 is a "normal" protein -- its presence drives cells through the cycle of replication. And MHC Class I. Challenges in defining and classifying normal & abnormal behavior with regards to age In the study of abnormal psychology, one of the contentions often debated upon is the determination of abnormal behavior in terms of specific demographics, such as age, gender, and race.
2 Physiological or Biological Model • Abnormal behavior is linked to a disease which • Has symptoms • Classify the symptoms get a diagnosis • After you get the diagnosis get some therapy (drugs) • When the therapy is complete you are cured Problem –Desirable behavior such as working for the Olympics would be considered abnormal.
To this end, the fields of psychology and psychiatry have developed the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (known as the DSM-5), a standardized hierarchy of diagnostic criteria to help discriminate among normal and abnormal (i.e. “pathological”) behaviors and symptoms.
psychologists become very familiar with the definitions of various forms of abnormal behavior and the ways it differs from normal behavior. But before these diagnostic categories Diagnosis and Classification Issues: DSM-5 and More diagnostic label for a particular human experience has a powerful impact on the attention.