References The Ethical Dilemma When Milgram began his experiments "There were no formal ethical guidelines for the protection of the human subjects. Researchers tended to use their own judgment about whether their research posed an ethical problem Milgram also lied about the purpose of the experiment.
Related Critically discuss a classic experiment from the history of psychology e. What, if any, relevance does it have to the present day? He found that 65 per cent of the research subjects followed instructions from an experimenter and administered the highest voltage shock possible to a learner, even when they were uncomfortable in doing so Milgram, This finding contributed to theories in psychology.
This lead to the consideration of what is ethically acceptable and guidelines which protect participants being developed. These guidelines are in place today and therefore have an impact on the way in which current psychological research is conducted.
Milgram attempted to investigate if people would follow orders even if they felt that they were morally wrong. Milgam was interested in researching how individuals would respond to figures of authority when they were given instructions to do something that they did not feel comfortable doing.
Participants for the study were recruited through a newspaper advert to take part in an experiment on learning and teaching methods.
The Milgram () experiment also raises the question of the role of responsibility in obedience. Under authority, it may have been that the individuals were able to go ahead with the behaviour due to a diminished sense of responsibility for their actions. Milgram’s study of obedience to authority, and the ethical issues it raised for social psychologists The following essay will discuss psychologist Stanley Milgram’s study of obedience to authority, and will outline the ethical issues it raised for social psychologists. Milgram was inspired by the Nuremburg trials and the defense of many ex-nazis being that they were coerced into assisting the genocide by simply . Milgram’s study does raise serious ethical issues when it comes to how experiments are run. For example the fact that they were using Yale as the location for the studies, and its name when advertising for volunteers, may have given the potential participants a false sense of security and feeling that their psychological needs would be taken care of as the university was well known and people repacked it.
When they came to the laboratory the researcher showed them a device that was used to punish people who gave incorrect answers by means of an electric shock. The participant was meant to be the teacher and they were told that an individual in another room was the learner.
The participant or teacher met the learner who was privy to the true nature of the experiment and witnessed the electrodes being strapped to their wrists. The learner expressed a degree of fear and questioned whether the shock would have any impact on their heart condition. The researcher told them that this was not something to worry about but they did inform them that the shocks could be extremely painful.
During the learning session the teacher and learner were in different rooms and they communicated via intercom. The researcher told the teacher to increase the shock each time an incorrect answer was given. Regardless of uncertainty on behalf of the teacher, protests from the learner and latterly no sound at all from the learner, the researcher still instructed the teacher to administer the highest voltage possible.
Following the experiment participants were debriefed and they were informed that the shock apparatus was not real and that the protests from the learners were scripted. Many of the subjects expressed emotional upset as they thought that they were inflicting immense pain on another person and that the high voltage shocks that they apparently administered had the capacity to kill somebody.
This study highlights ethical issues which are relevant in the present day. Perhaps Milgram could have tested his ideas on obedience without causing distress to his subjects.
His experiment illuminates issues around deception. Deception occurs when subjects are not clearly and fully informed about the nature of the research Glassman and Hadad, Modern ethical standards assert that participants must not be deceived, and that they must be told of any possible consequences.
Guidelines stipulate that participants must take part on a voluntary basis and that they are free to withdraw at any point, that they are debriefed following the study and that there is an acceptable outcome of the research without harm being caused to subjects British Psychological Society, It is thought that under these conditions no hurt can be caused to the participant.
As such this experiment is relevant to the present day psychology in many respects. T and Simpson, J.The experiment was controversial, received much criticisism and raised several ethical issues, including post traumatic stress and skewed self image of participants, the right to withdraw from the experiment not being made clear to participants and, particularly, deception of participants.
The most famous experiment Milgram conducted was also his most controversial. The issue dealt with the people's right to know on what he/she is being studied. On the surface, the experiment looked legit and totally scientific.
Two people were brought in at a time and each would draw from a. resolve ethical issues often emerge in research.
Although important information may have been provided by these studies, the issues raised by them seem to involve a cost/benefit analysis. The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments The Milgram Shock Experiment raised questions about the research ethics of scientific experimentation because of the extreme Milgram argued that the ethical criticism provoked by his experiments was because his findings were.
What are the Milgram Experiment ethical issues and has the design of the experiment been altered over the years to accommodate current standards for the ethical treatment of participants? One of the biggest criticisms of the Milgram Experiments was the extreme psychological stress inflicted on the participants.
The main concerns raised about the Milgram Experiment ethics are based on a number of factors. Modern ethical standards assert that participants in any experiment must not be deceived, and that they must be made aware of any consequences.