Learning task 5 Assessment NB - teachers may decide that they only need to use of of the following assessments to best meet the needs of their programme.
Usage note The label Informal is used in this dictionary to mark terms that are not likely to occur in serious, prepared speech or carefully edited writing except when used intentionally to convey a casual tone.
But under what circumstances is informal English apropos, appropriate, A-OK, even bitchen? What exactly is informal English?
And how does it differ from slang, which is even more unlikely to occur in formal speech or edited writing? Most sources agree that informal English typically avoids long, complex sentences, features a liberal use of contractions and other casual terms, and—in speech—allows elided pronunciations like gonna for going to.
The particular words and phrases that dictionaries label Informal tend to be short, metaphorical, and somewhat out of place in carefully edited, serious prose.
They include terms like abs, carb, guys, big shot, spill the beans, and knock it off. Familiar, intimate, and unpretentious, in relaxed circumstances informal English is the frequent choice of a wide range of users, including educated speakers. Dictionaries do not apply special labels to terms that occur in the most neutral variety of the language, which is so much the norm that we tend not to notice it.
Nor do they label formal terms. Habitual users of English, however, are aware of different levels of formality. For example, in ordinary, neutral English we might say that people are worried or nervous.
More formally, they are apprehensive, disquieted, or beset by misgivings. Informally, they may be antsy, in a lather, or spooked. And in slang, they can be uptight, wired, or bummed out.
In the second sentence of this note, apropos is formal, appropriate is neutral, and A-OK is informal.
Slang is very informal, and its environment is often restricted, in that some of its terms are associated with a profession military slanga period of time jazz-age slanga group or subculture teen slangor an interest or activity computer slang.
Some slang is vulgar. Slang terms rarely occur in formal, prepared speech or in edited writing. Informal language, on the other hand, has recently seeped into situations that once mandated careful, formal speech.
For some, this is a welcome development. But not everyone is pleased; complaints are sometimes heard when people think that a speaker in some relatively formal situation, trying to be folksy, has come across as insufficiently professional, professorial, or even presidential.
But although dictionaries categorize levels of linguistic formality on the basis of extensive observation of actual language use, the boundaries between these levels are flexible and porous. English as a widely spoken language is especially fluid and ever changing.
Unlike some languages, it is not subject to dicta by a supervisory or regulating body. Throughout the history of English, some words in its lexicon have moved up from one category to another and then another—sometimes quickly, sometimes over centuries.
Movement in the other direction, from neutral to slang, is far more rare. One classic example is bastard. Unlike words whose status moves from slang through informal to neutral, all the while retaining their original meanings, standard words that move the other way and become slang tend to do so by adding a new, usually metaphorical, sense.Letters from Gallipoli years ago , soldiers died in the Gallipoli campaign, among them 3, Irishmen.
this is the first opportunity I have had of writing to you since we left the boat. Year 9 Formal Writng Examples CV Job application Letter Newspaper report Essay Will This term You need to complete: A newspaper article An essay Gallipoli Essay writing Newspaper Article Teaches you to write short, accurate reports.
Full transcript. More presentations by Steve Dymond. In their own words: letters from ANZACs during the Gallipoli evacuation. Writing at Gallipoli ‘It is a glorious night, calm and peaceful.’ A purser on a troopship, an infantry soldier, a medical attendant and a lieutenant-colonel all played.
On the day of the centenary of the writing of Keith Murdoch’s Gallipoli letter I was on leave and travelling to Brisbane.
I was therefore unable to talk to the media about the letter’s history and impact. Conflict and war. Teacher Jacqui Lucas AS (English ): Produce formal writing. Achievement Standard: AS (English 1 Essay based on the film Gallipoli.
Having learnt the necessary verbal and visual features of a film, the students need to take all the information provided, and having taken the time to look through the film.