Generation of Change A Reconciliation Timeline Our interactive timeline of Aboriginal history, European settlement and reconciliation efforts outlines our shared history. Click to view an event, then use the on-screen buttons or the arrow keys to navigate. The timeline is only available on desktop computers.
View the transcript The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues estimates there are more than million Indigenous peoples spread across 70 countries worldwide, each practicing unique traditions, retaining social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live.
Many Indigenous peoples are the holders of unique languages, knowledge systems and beliefs, and possess invaluable traditional knowledge for the sustainable management of natural resources and have a special relation to and use of their traditional land, waters or territories.
Ancestral lands, waters and territories are of fundamental importance for their physical and cultural survival as peoples.
According to the UN the most fruitful approach is to identify rather than define Indigenous peoples. This is based on the fundamental criterion of self-identification as underlined in a number of human rights documents.
But there is great diversity within these two broadly described groups exemplified by the over different language groups spread across the nation. An accepted definition of an Indigenous Australian proposed by the Commonwealth Department of Aboriginal Affairs in the s and still used by some Australian Government departments today is; a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent who identifies as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and is accepted as such by the community in which he or she lives.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples also have their own laws and customs to determine the membership of their group. Many people prefer to be called Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, rather than the generic term Indigenous Australian.
Image supplied by John Paul Janke. When used in Australia, the words Indigenous, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander are capitalised, as would be the name of any other group of people.
Aboriginal people have referred to themselves for example as Koori, Murri or Nunga, which is relevant to the greater region they are connected to.
Aboriginal identities can also directly link to their language groups and traditional country a specific geographic locationfor example, Gunditjamara people are the traditional custodians of western Victoria, the Gadigal people of the Eora nation are from Sydney, and the Yawuru people are the traditional custodians of Broome in Western Australia.
Torres Strait Islander people prefer to use the name of their home Island to identify themselves to outsiders, for example a Saibai man or woman is from Saibai, or a Meriam person is from Mer.
Many Torres Strait Islanders born and raised in mainland Australia still identify according to their Island homes.
In Australia, there are a range of specific grants, scholarships, university courses or government programs directly intended for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
This help ensures that the specific programs or grants or scholarships intended for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reach and are used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
Further reading and sources.It’s now 25 years since the establishment of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, now Reconciliation Australia. That’s 25 years since Australia started a national conversation about how.
Please note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons in photographs, film, audio recordings or printed material.
Some material may contain terms that reflect authors’ views, or those of the period in which the item was written or recorded, but may not be considered appropriate today. The lip-service paid by the white ruling elite to the need to achieve social justice for indigenous Australians through the reconciliation process has significantly increased the numbers of non-indigenous working people who are sympathetic to the cause of indigenous rights.
Australia has a long history of reconciliation and countless people—Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and non‑Indigenous—have dedicated their life’s work to the reconciliation movement.
ANTaR is an independent, national network of organisations and individuals working in support of Justice, Rights and Respect for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia. Reconciliation, Assimilation, and the Indigenous Peoples of Australia DAMIEN SHORT ABSTRACT. Reconciliation as a peacemaking paradigm emerged as an innovative response to some of the mass atrocities and human rights Aboriginal people was diverse .