Lecture 20 Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance He who ordains the fate of kingdoms and the march of the centuries, the all-powerful Disposer of events, having destroyed one extraordinary image, that of the Romans, which had, it was true, feet of iron, or even feet of clay, then raised up, among the Franks, the golden head of a second image, equally remarkable, in the person of the illustrious Charlemagne.
However, they also initiated the Carolingian Renaissance which ended the cultural and intellectual decline that marked the period after the fall of Rome. It was very different from the Italian Renaissance that spread throughout Europe in the Late Middle Ages, while its effects remained mostly limited to a small group of high nobility and clergy.
It was fundamentally Christian as it was almost exclusively carried out by and for the clergy. However, it went beyond the churchly matters, reversed the cultural decay of the Dark Ages and laid the foundation for the rise of the Western civilization. Frankish The carolingian renaissance The Realm of the Franks at its height rivaled the Western Roman Empire in both territorial extent and political power but it was backward in compare to the Roman culture and The carolingian renaissance.
There were virtually no cities that had been the centers of culture, art and intellectual life during the Roman Empire, while early medieval Europe was virtually completely illiterate. In addition, vulgar Latin began to diverge into the precursors of modern Romance languages and not all priests were able to understand and interpret the Vulgate Bible, a late 4th century Latin version of the Bible.
As a man of faith and sworn protector of the Church, Charlemagne felt that it was his duty to improve education of the clergy to teach the faith properly as well as to help him govern through the network of bishops whom he used for carrying out the administrative tasks.
He invited the elite scholars from all over Europe to his court in Aachen including Peter of Pisa, Paul the Deacon, Alcuin of York, Einhard, Theodulf of Orleans and many others who established the basis for the intellectual revival.
The so-called medieval Latin became the standard form of the language and was adopted as the language of medieval scholars and Roman Catholic Church as well as the language of literature, science, law and administration.
Cathedral and Monastic Schools Charlemagne and his successors fostered a network of cathedral and monastic schools throughout the Carolingian Empire where were taught seven Liberal Arts grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music and in first place, reading and writing.
Einhard, who wrote Charlemagne biography reports that the Emperor of the Romans studied himself and that he kept the wax tables under his pillow in his bed to practice writing when he had time.
However, he also mentions that the Emperor started too late in life and achieved little success. Revival of learning and the rising number of schools and libraries resulted in increased copying of the books, while the scribes did not only copy the Bible and other religious literature but also the works of Virgil and other classical authors.
That way they helped preserve many ancient works that would probably be lost forever as the oldest preserved classical works are copies from the period of the Carolingian Renaissance. Carolingian Art The Carolingians were also major patrons of art.
The Carolingian art that is marked by a unique blend of the Mediterranean art forms and styles with the Germanic and Celtic traditions flourished until the end of the 9th century and had a major influence on both Romanesque and Gothic art.
Carolingian Architecture Period of relative tranquility during the reign of Charlemagne and cultural revival that was continued by his immediate successors resulted in increased architectural activity.
New cathedrals and monasteries as well as civic buildings rose up all over the Carolingian Empire. Charlemagne got involved in building activities himself and ordered construction of the Palace of Aachen which, unfortunately, is not preserved.What is Carolingian Renaissance.
Carolingian Renaissance is a cultural and intellectual revival which started during the reign of Charlemagne in the late 8th century and lasted until the breakup of Charlemagne’s empire at the end of the 9th century.
The Carolingian Renaissance.
The Carolingian Renaissance is a period in the Middle Ages characterized by the revival of scholarship, and tagged with the figure of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Renaissance is the name given to the revival of classical learning and culture that occurred during the late eighth and ninth centuries, a period that roughly corresponds to the rule of the Frankish emperor Charlemagne (–) and his successors during the Carolingian dynasty.
The Carolingian Renaissance was the first of three medieval renaissances, a period of cultural activity in the Carolingian Empire. It occurred from the late eighth century to the ninth century, which took inspiration from the Christian Roman Empire of the fourth century.
The Carolingian Renaissance. The Carolingian Renaissance is a period in the Middle Ages characterized by the revival of scholarship, and tagged with the figure of Charlemagne. Carolingian Renaissance synonyms, Carolingian Renaissance pronunciation, Carolingian Renaissance translation, English dictionary definition of Carolingian Renaissance.
A revival of classical art and architecture in parts of northern and western Europe begun .